Nausea & Vomiting

This usually occurs during the first 13 weeks of pregnancy and is often referred to as “morning sickness”. However, these symptoms can occur at any time of the day or night. For some women, these symptoms continue throughout the entire pregnancy. This is caused by the reaction of the stomach and intestines to the increase in hormones related with the pregnancy.

Prevention & Treatment:
Eat small frequent meals
A light snack which may include carbohydrates (crackers, bread, etc…) before getting out of bed in the morning. For more information see information on Morning Sickness


This is usually described as a burning sensation, first in the stomach and then rising into the throat.

Prevention & Treatment:
Eat small frequent meals
Sit upright for 30-60 minutes after eating
Prop your head and shoulders up on a pillow while sleeping
See approved medication list


This is caused by a slowing of the intestinal activity and pressure of the growing uterus. There are several factors that contribute to this problem during pregnancy, such as iron supplements, insufficient fluid intake, lack of exercise, and lack of sufficient fiber in the diet.

Prevention & Treatment:
Keep feet elevated.
Lie on your left side to improve circulation
Reduce intake of foods high in salt. Do not use table salt.
Increase water intake

Varicose Veins

This is due to the interference of blood flow by the expanding uterus.

Prevention & Treatment:
Keep feet elevated.
When you have to be on your feet, move around to encourage better circulation
Support hose may be used to help relieve discomfort.


These are varicose veins of the rectum. They are extremely common during pregnancy and in the period after delivery. Usually they shrink or resolve within a few weeks following delivery.

Prevention & Treatment:
Use the steps described above to relieve constipation since straining with bowel movements can make hemorrhoids more uncomfortable.
Witch hazel compresses.
Sitz baths.

Shortness of Breath

This is caused by a crowding of the diaphragm by the uterus.

Prevention & Treatment:
Some relief may be given by extending arms above head.
Sleep with head elevated on pillows.
If not better by above means call your doctor or providor immidiately.


This is due to several body changes in pregnancy: muscle fatigue, change in the center of gravity and pressure from the growing uterus.

Prevention & Treatment:
To avoid undue strain to the back, bend from the knees if possible.
When standing for long periods, try to keep one foot on a stool or book.
Alternate elevated foot as needed.
When you have to sit for long periods, try to get up and walk around every so often.
Heating pad or hot compress (low to medium heat) applied to the area, 20 min. on, 20 min. off.

Leg Cramps

This may be caused by several factors: stretching of muscles, circulatory impairment, or by a mineral imbalance.

Prevention & Treatment:
Change possition, stand or walk.
Apply counter pressure at the bottom of the foot
Speak with your provider about additional supplementation

Urinary Frequency

This is caused by pressure on the bladder by the enlarging uterus.

Prevention & Treatment:
Drink plenty of fluids.
Keep bladder empty.


There are many possible causes, including shortness of breath, general discomfort, or anxieties about the pregnancy and baby.

Prevention & Treatment:
Use relaxation techniques and slow down breathing to help induce sleep.
Discuss any concerns with your provider

Vaginal Discharge

Discharge is normally increased during pregnancy.

Prevention & Treatment:
There is no specific treatment for normal pregnancy discharge, but if the discharge has an unpleasant odor or is accompanied by itching or burning, please call your provider.
Do not douche
Wear cotton underwear

Itching and Stretching of Skin

This usually occurs on the abdomen in mid to late pregnancy.

Prevention & Treatment:
Use a non-irritating, unscented soap and rinse well
Creams and lotions may reduce itching but will not prevent stretch marks.

These are some simple remedies for the most common discomforts. However, if problems persist or if the discomfort is extreme, please contact your provider.